Attitudes toward anti-tobacco policy among California youth: associations with smoking status, psychosocial variables and advocacy actions

Citation
Jb. Unger et al., Attitudes toward anti-tobacco policy among California youth: associations with smoking status, psychosocial variables and advocacy actions, HEAL EDUC R, 14(6), 1999, pp. 751-763
Citations number
25
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science
Journal title
HEALTH EDUCATION RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0268-1153 → ACNP
Volume
14
Issue
6
Year of publication
1999
Pages
751 - 763
Database
ISI
SICI code
0268-1153(199912)14:6<751:ATAPAC>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
To prevent smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, California has implemented anti-tobacco policies, including laws restricting youth acc ess to tobacco, and smoking bans in workplaces, schools, restaurants and ba rs. Although studies have examined adults' attitudes toward anti-tobacco po licies, little is known about adolescents' awareness of and support for the se policies. This study examined attitudes toward anti-tobacco policies in a sample of 6887 10th grade California adolescents, Awareness of anti-tobac co policies was highest among current smokers and lowest among susceptible never-smokers. Support for anti-tobacco policies was highest among non-susc eptible never-smokers and lowest among current smokers. Policy awareness an d support were significantly associated with psychosocial tobacco-related v ariables (e.g. perceived consequences of smoking, friends' smoking, perceiv ed access to cigarettes, prevalence estimates of smoking among peers, cigar ette offers and cigarette refusal self-efficacy). Policy awareness and supp ort were associated with the probability of performing advocacy actions aga inst tobacco use. Although these results cannot prove a causal association, they suggest that adolescents' attitudes toward anti-tobacco policies map play a role in their decisions about smoking. Tobacco control and education programs should include information about existing anti-tobacco policies, and should educate youth about the importance and benefits of anti-tobacco policies.