Aberrant or increased expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 has been implica
ted in the pathogenesis of many diseases including carcinogenesis. COX-2 ha
s been shown to be overexpressed in some human cancers.
Employing semi-quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, immunoblotting, and
immunohistochemistry we assessed COX-2 expression in samples of pair-matche
d benign and cancer tissue obtained from the same prostate cancer patient.
Mean levels of COX-2 mRNA were 3.4-fold higher in prostate cancer tissue (n
= 12) compared with the paired benign tissue. The immunoblot analysis demo
nstrated that as compared to benign tissue COX-2 protein was over-expressed
in 10 of 12 samples examined. Immunohistochemical analysis also verified C
OX-2 over-expression in cancer than in benign tissue.
To our knowledge, this is the first in vivo study showing an over-expressio
n of COX-2 in prostate cancer. These data suggest that COX-2 inhibitors may
be useful for prevention or therapy of prostate cancer in humans. Prostate
42:73-78, 2000. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.