Open tubular capillary electrochromatography using etched fused-silica tubing modified with chemically bonded liquid crystals

Citation
Mt. Matyska et al., Open tubular capillary electrochromatography using etched fused-silica tubing modified with chemically bonded liquid crystals, ANALYT CHEM, 71(24), 1999, pp. 5508-5514
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry & Analysis","Spectroscopy /Instrumentation/Analytical Sciences
Journal title
ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0003-2700 → ACNP
Volume
71
Issue
24
Year of publication
1999
Pages
5508 - 5514
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-2700(199912)71:24<5508:OTCEUE>2.0.ZU;2-2
Abstract
Two liquid crystal compounds, cholesterol-10-undeceneoate and 4-cyano-4'-pe ntoxybiphenyl, are attached to the inner wall of a fused-silica capillary t hat has been etched by ammonium hydrogen fluoride. The bonding process invo lves formation of a hydride layer on the etched surface via a silanization reaction with triethoxysilane followed by attachment of the liquid crystal using a hydrosilation reaction. The etched surface is characterized bq phot oelectron spectroscopy (ESCA) and the inner wall after being chemically mod ified with the liquid crystal is analyzed by diffuse reflectance infrared F ourier transform spectroscopy. The surface properties of these materials ar e further probed by measuring electroosmotic flow as a function of pH, The performance of the etched chemically modified capillaries as a separation m edium is evaluated by electrochromatographic experiments using of proteins, pyrimidine/purine bases and a nucleoside, benzodiazepines, the synthetic a nd metabolic compounds of serotonin, and other small basic molecules, In al l cases, peak symmetry is good and efficiency is generally considerably hig her than in packed capillary CEC, In some instances, there are significant differences in selectivity between the two capillaries indicating that the type of liquid crystal (cholesteric or nematic) is an important factor in t he separation mechanism. Finally, during the evaluation period for the capi llaries used in this study there was no significant loss in chromatographic performance, indicating that the long-term stability of these materials is good.