Salmonellae in one Falcon Breeding Facility in the Czech Republic during the period 1989-1993

P. Lany et al., Salmonellae in one Falcon Breeding Facility in the Czech Republic during the period 1989-1993, VET MED-CZ, 44(11), 1999, pp. 345-352
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Veterinary Medicine/Animal Health
Journal title
ISSN journal
0375-8427 → ACNP
Year of publication
345 - 352
SICI code
During 1989 and 1993, a total of 837 samples of biological materials from t he Falcon Breeding Facility in Milotice were examined. Twenty-six strains o f Salmonella were isolated from 680 samples of eggs, young birds, faeces an d the organs of kept animals, whereas 28 strains were isolated from 157 sam ples of animals used as food. The isolated Salmonellae belonged to the sero types Salmonella enteritidis (25 strains), S. typhimurium (28 strains) and S. typhimuriurn var. Copenhagen (one strain). Analysis of plasmid profiles allowed the further classification of S, enteritidis strains into three sub types and S, typhimurium into two subtypes. Chronologically it was possible to see the incidence of individual Salmonella subtypes. This result elimin ated a long-term infection of falconid birds of prey with one Salmonella st rain. In two cases the source of Salmonella for falcons originated from foo d animals (mice: source of S. typhimurium, chickens: source of S. enteritid is). In other cases the infection source was not found. Although Salmonella e were detected in the organs of one falconid bird and in 4 laid eggs of fa lconids, we failed to detect the circulating antibodies against S. pullorum antigen by using rapid slide agglutination test. Analysis of age resistanc e of the falconid birds revealed that Salmonellae were most frequently foun d in birds from the age of day 1 to 1 year or older than 3 years. Analysis of Species sensitivity showed that Salmonellae were detected in 14 of 37 sa ker falcons (Falco cherrug), in 4 of 27 peregrine falcons (F. peregrinus), in both kestrels (F, tinunculus), in one of two hobby falcons (F. subbuteo) , in 4 of 12 birds of a cross-breed (F. cherrug x F. peregrinus) and in one of four goshawks (Accipiter gentilis). Salmonella was isolated from two ou t of twenty birds which had diarrhoea. No Salmonella was isolated in faecal samples from 91 falcons (26 positive birds) and eggs from 30 females (4 fe males positive).