Anophthalmia in litters of female rats treated with the food-derived carcinogen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine

Citation
Y. Ikeda et al., Anophthalmia in litters of female rats treated with the food-derived carcinogen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine, TOX PATHOL, 27(6), 1999, pp. 628-631
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
TOXICOLOGIC PATHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0192-6233 → ACNP
Volume
27
Issue
6
Year of publication
1999
Pages
628 - 631
Database
ISI
SICI code
0192-6233(199911/12)27:6<628:AILOFR>2.0.ZU;2-X
Abstract
Anophthalmia in litters of pregnant rats treated with 2-amino-1-methyl-6-ph enylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine(PhIP), a food-derived carcinogen, was incidental ly encountered in a risk-assessment study with 3-generation exposure to PhI P. Female Fischer 344 animals were given 200 ppm PhIP in the diet for 4 wk before mating with nontreated males and also during gestation and lactation periods. Mean numbers of newborn rats per litter in control and PhIP-treat ed groups were 7.9 +/- 2.9 and 7.1 +/- 1.6 in trial 1 and 8.3 +/- 1.9 and 6 .1 +/- 2.4 in trial 2 Among 49 (trial 1) and 63 (trial 2) offspring from Ph IP-treated dams, 9 (18.4%) and 32 (50.8%) demonstrated anophthalmia, and I (2.0%) and 8 (12.7%) demonstrated hydrocephaly. Five of 7 (71.4%) and 13 of 14 (92.9%) dams delivered pups with malformations in trials I and 2, respe ctively. Also, in a previous study that was carried our with the same proto col and that used the Sprague-Dawley strain of rats, anophthalmia and hydro cephaly were observed in 2 and 1 out of 175 pups, respectively, from 100 pp m PhIP-treated darns. No congenital malformations were found in control gro ups of the same size in either experiment. In addition to having been previ ously identified as a cause of carcinogenic activity, our findings suggest that PhIP is capable of causing anophthalmia in rats when administered duri ng the gestational period.