Psychiatric inpatients and chromosome deletions within 22q11.2

Citation
S. Sugama et al., Psychiatric inpatients and chromosome deletions within 22q11.2, J NE NE PSY, 67(6), 1999, pp. 803-806
Citations number
11
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurology,"Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY
ISSN journal
0022-3050 → ACNP
Volume
67
Issue
6
Year of publication
1999
Pages
803 - 806
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-3050(199912)67:6<803:PIACDW>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) is a congenital disorder characterised by multiple dysmorphisms, cleft palate, cardiac anomalies, and learning disabi lities due to a microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2. Although VCFS is often associated with psychiatric symptoms, its prevalence among psychiatric pat ients is unknown. A total of 326 patients admitted in September and October 1997 to a Japanes e psychiatric hospital were screened for the clinical features of VCFS. Twe lve patients with minor facial dysmorphia were identified; chromosomal anal ysis with fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) was performed in six pat ients who, further assessment suggested, were most Likely to have VCFS. Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion was identified in a 41 year old woman who had s ymptoms of schizophrenia but no major dysmorphia, such as cardiovascular an omalies and cleft palate. Her behavioural and neuropsychological profiles w ere similar to those previously reported in VCFS. She was hemizygous for th e FISH probe N25 (GDB locus D22S75) and also for probes N72H9 (D22S181), sc 11.1a, C443 (D22S931), sc4.1 (D22S134), sc11.1b, N19B3 (D22S264), N122B5 (D 22S934), and N77F7 (D22S939). The size of the deletion was about 3 Mb. Our patient had only some features of VCFS including a square nasal root, h ypernasal speech, and hypoparathyroidism. She did, however, have the common larger deletion of type A. This finding suggests that psychiatric symptoms in VCFS can occur without major developmental symptoms such as cardiovascu lar anomalies and cleft palate. Additional patients with schizophrenia may have subtle features of VCFS which are unrecognised on routine medical exam inations.