Analysis of the detective quantum efficiency of a developmental detector for digital mammography

Citation
Mb. Williams et al., Analysis of the detective quantum efficiency of a developmental detector for digital mammography, MED PHYS, 26(11), 1999, pp. 2273-2285
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Radiology ,Nuclear Medicine & Imaging","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
MEDICAL PHYSICS
ISSN journal
0094-2405 → ACNP
Volume
26
Issue
11
Year of publication
1999
Pages
2273 - 2285
Database
ISI
SICI code
0094-2405(199911)26:11<2273:AOTDQE>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
We an developing a modular detector for applications in full field digital mammography and for diagnostic breast imaging. The detector is based on a d esign that has been refined over the past decade for applications in x-ray crystallography [Kalata er al., Proc. SPIE 1345, 270-279 (1990); Phillips e t al. ibid. 2009, 133-138 (1993), Phillips et nl., Nucl. Instrum. Methods P hys. Rev. A 334, 621-630 (1993)]. The full field mammographic detector, cur rently undergoing clinical evaluation, is formed from a 19 cm x 28 cm phosp hor screen, read out by a 2 x 3 array of butted charge-coupled device (CCD) modules. Each 2k x 2k CCD is optically coupled to the phosphor via a fiber optic taper with dimensions of 9.4 cm x 9.4 cm at the phosphor. This paper describes the imaging performance of a two-module prototype, built using a similar design. In this paper we use cascaded linear systems analysis to d evelop a model for calculating the spatial frequency dependent noise power spectrum (NPS) and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) of the detector using the measured modulation transfer function (MTF). We compare results of the calculation with the measured NPS and DQE of the prototype. Calculated and measured DQEs are compared over a range of clinically relevant x-ray expos ures and kVps. We find that for x-ray photon energies between 10 and 28 keV , the detector gain ranges between 2.5 and 3.7 CCD electrons per incident x -ray, or approximately 5-8 electrons per absorbed x ray. Using a Mo/Mo beam and acrylic phantom, over a detector entrance exposure range of approximat ely 10 to 80 mR, the volume under the measured 2-d NPS of the prototype det ector is proportional to the x-ray exposure, indicating quantum limited per formance. Substantial agreement between the calculated and measured values was obtained for the frequency and exposure dependent NPS and DQE over a ra nge of tube voltage from 25 to 30 kVp. (C) 1999 American Association of Phy sicists in Medicine. [S0094-2405(99)03611-1].