Surface crystallization of LiNbO3 on xK(2)O .(35-x)Li2O . 30Nb(2)O(5). 35Si
O(2) (0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 35) (mol%) glasses wa
s investigated. The c-axis orientation of surface crystallized LiNbO3 was I
mproved when the glass contained 10 mol% K2O. Furthermore, Li ions in the L
iNbO3 crystallites were partially replaced by K ions from the glass. Transp
arent surface crystallized LiNbO3 films on glasses were prepared by control
led heat treatment, which showed optical second harmonic generation. The es
timated second-order non-linear optical susceptibilities were d(33) = 6.40
pm/V and d(31) = d(21) = d(34) = d(15) = 1/3d(33) = 2.14 pm/V for a film 1.
33 mu m in thickness prepared after heating at 620 degrees C for 3 h, when
the c-axis oriented film was described by a space group C-infinity v. (C) 1
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