The polarized double cell target of the SMC

Authors
Adams, D Adeva, B Arik, E Arvidson, A Badelek, B Ballintijn, MK Bardin, G Baum, G Berglund, P Betev, L Bird, IG Birsa, R Bjorkholm, P Bonner, BE de Botton, N Boutemeur, M Bradamante, F Bravar, A Bressan, A Bultmann, S Burtin, E Cavata, C Crabb, D Cranshaw, J Cuhadar, T Dalla Torre, S van Dantzig, R Derro, B Deshpande, A Dhawan, S Dulya, C Dyring, A Eichblatt, S Faivre, JC Fasching, D Feinstein, F Fernandez, C Forthmann, S Frois, B Gallas, A Garzon, JA Gaussiran, T Gilly, H Giorgi, M von Goeler, E Goertz, S Gracia, G de Groot, N Perdekamp, MG Gulmez, E Haft, K von Harrach, D Hasegawa, T Hautle, P Hayashi, N Heusch, CA Horikawa, N Hughes, VW Igo, G Ishimoto, S Iwata, T Kabuss, EM Kageya, T Karev, A Kessler, HJ Ketel, TJ Kiryluk, J Kishi, A Kisselev, Y Klostermann, L Kramer, D Krivokhijine, V Kroger, W Kurek, K Kyynarainen, J Lamanna, M Landgraf, U Layda, T Le Goff, JM Lehar, F de Lesquen, A Lichtenstadt, J Lindqvist, T Litmaath, M Lowe, M Magnon, A Mallot, GK Marie, F Martin, A Martino, J Matsuda, T Mayes, B McCarthy, JS Medved, K Meyer, W van Middelkoop, G Miller, D Miyachi, Y Mori, K Moromisato, J Nassalski, J Naumann, L Neganov, B Niinikoski, TO Oberski, JEJ Ogawa, A Ozben, C Parks, DP Pereira, H Penzo, A Perrot-Kunne, F Peshekhonov, D Piegaia, R Pinsky, L Platchkov, S Plo, M Pose, D Postma, H Pretz, J Pussieux, T Pyrlik, J Radel, G Reyhancan, I Reicherz, G Rienbland, JM Rijllart, A Roberts, JB Rock, S Rodriguez, M Rondio, E Rosado, A Roscherr, B Sabo, I Saborido, J Sandacz, A Savin, I Schiavon, P Schiller, A Schuler, KP Segel, R Seitz, R Semertzidis, Y Sever, F Shanahan, P Sichtermann, EP Simeoni, F Smirnov, GI Staude, A Steinmetz, A Stiegler, U Stuhrmann, H Szleper, M Teichert, KM Tessarotto, F Thers, D Tlaczala, W Trentalange, S Tripet, A Unel, G Velasco, M Vogt, J Voss, R Weinstein, R Whitten, C Windmolders, R Willumeit, R Wislicki, W Witzmann, A Zanetti, AM Zaremba, K Zhao, J
Citation
D. Adams et al., The polarized double cell target of the SMC, NUCL INST A, 437(1), 1999, pp. 23-67
Citations number
86
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Spectroscopy /Instrumentation/Analytical Sciences","Instrumentation & Measurement
Journal title
NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
ISSN journal
0168-9002 → ACNP
Volume
437
Issue
1
Year of publication
1999
Pages
23 - 67
Database
ISI
SICI code
0168-9002(19991111)437:1<23:TPDCTO>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
The polarized target of the Spin Muon Collaboration at CERN was used for de ep inelastic muon scattering experiments during 1993-1996 with a polarized muon beam to investigate the spin structure of the nucleon. Most of the exp eriments were carried out with longitudinal target polarization and 190 GeV muons, and some were done with transverse polarization and 100 GeV muons. Protons as well as deuterons were polarized by dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) in three kinds of solid materials - butanol, ammonia, and deuterated butanol - with maximum degrees of polarization of 94%, 91% and 60%, respec tively. Considerable attention was paid to the accuracies of the NMR polari zation measurements and their analyses, the accuracies achieved were betwee n 2.0% and 3.2%. The SMC target system with two cells of opposite polarizat ions, each cell 65 cm long and 5 cm in diameter, constitutes the largest po larized target system ever built and facilitates accurate spin asymmetry me asurements. The design considerations, construction and performance of the target are reviewed, (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.