Implementation of nationally developed guidelines in cardiology: a survey of NSW cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons

Citation
S. Shah et al., Implementation of nationally developed guidelines in cardiology: a survey of NSW cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons, AUST NZ J M, 29(5), 1999, pp. 678-683
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine","Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0004-8291 → ACNP
Volume
29
Issue
5
Year of publication
1999
Pages
678 - 683
Database
ISI
SICI code
0004-8291(199910)29:5<678:IONDGI>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Background: In July 1996, the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) published clinical practice guidelines for 'The Procedural and Surg ical Management of Coronary Heart Disease'. Despite increasing interest in dissemination and implementation of guidelines, initial reactions to these specific Guidelines and factors critical to their successful implementation had not been determined until our study. Aims: To determine views of New South Wales (NSW) clinicians towards these NHMRC Guidelines; to identify perceptions about local relevance, usefulness and likely impact and to elicit preferred implementation strategies. Methods: A postal survey in November 1997 of all cardiologists and cardioth oracic surgeons in NSW. Results: One hundred and ten of 174 clinicians returned the questionnaire ( 63% response rate). Forty-eight per cent indicated that they were aware of the Guidelines before receiving a copy with the questionnaire while 26% had commented on the draft version of the Guidelines when distributed in Novem ber 1995. More than half of respondents 'agreed' or 'strongly agreed' with six of nine statements about potential strengths of the Guidelines. While a t least 25% 'disagreed' or 'strongly disagreed' on 11 out of the 13 stateme nts about potential criticisms of the Guidelines, more than half agreed or 'strongly' agreed that the Guidelines did not tell them 'anything they didn 't already know'. Fifty-two per cent 'agreed' or 'strongly agreed' that gui delines will be misinterpreted by lawyers. At least 30% rated nine out of 1 1 implementation strategies as important. Local audits of care and regular feedback, reports from colleagues at conferences and hospital workshops out ranked other implementation strategies in encouraging uptake of the Guideli nes. Conclusions: Clinicians in NSW have generally-positive views about the Guid elines, however, medicolegal concerns are apparent. To strengthen evidence- based decisionmaking as exemplified by the Guidelines, audits, presentation s by opinion leaders and hospital-based workshops are recommended.