Tower of Babel: Variation in ethical approaches, concepts of welfare and attitudes to genetic manipulation

Authors
Citation
Mc. Appleby, Tower of Babel: Variation in ethical approaches, concepts of welfare and attitudes to genetic manipulation, ANIM WELFAR, 8(4), 1999, pp. 381-390
Citations number
28
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences
Journal title
ANIMAL WELFARE
ISSN journal
0962-7286 → ACNP
Volume
8
Issue
4
Year of publication
1999
Pages
381 - 390
Database
ISI
SICI code
0962-7286(199911)8:4<381:TOBVIE>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
Attitudes to animal biotechnology are diverse, partly because people have d ifferent viewpoints and often do not recognize or acknowledge this to be so . First people adopt different ethical approaches. If an opponent of geneti c manipulation says 'I don't like the idea of altering animals' biology' an d a proponent replies '...but it is useful', they are failing to communicat e, because one is asking whether the action is right or wrong, whereas the other emphasizes the consequences. Another approach focuses on the person c arrying out the action. Many people have hybrid views combining elements of these different approaches. Second, people's concepts of welfare vary, emp hasizing animal minds, bodies or natures - or a combination of these. A pro ponent who argues that a particular genetic change will not cause suffering is unlikely to reassure an opponent who puts more emphasis on naturalness than on feelings or health. An improved dialogue in which people attempt to understand one another's viewpoints, may enable common principles to be es tablished and practical measures to be taken that enable more cooperation i n attempts to improve both human and animal welfare.