Impact of individual study on tutorial group discussion

Citation
Mm. Van Den Hurk et al., Impact of individual study on tutorial group discussion, TEACH L MED, 11(4), 1999, pp. 196-201
Citations number
20
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine
Journal title
TEACHING AND LEARNING IN MEDICINE
ISSN journal
1040-1334 → ACNP
Volume
11
Issue
4
Year of publication
1999
Pages
196 - 201
Database
ISI
SICI code
1040-1334(199923)11:4<196:IOISOT>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
Background: This research focuses on the relation between individual study and group discussion. In a problem-based curriculum it is expected that the way students prepare themselves during individual study (i.e., search and prepare the literature) will influence the quality of the reporting phase. Purpose: To investigate whether searching for different literature resource s and preparing the literature (by making summaries to explain the literatu re) affects the quality of the reporting phase. Method: A 23-item questionnaire was developed, reflecting 2 factors of the search phase and 1 factor of the preparing phase of the individual study.. Two factors (breadth and depth of the discussion) reflected the reporting p hase. Participants were Ist-year students (N = 195, 90%) at the Medical Sch ool of the Maastricht University in the Netherlands during the academic yea r 1997-1998. Results: Regression analyses show that the search phase and the preparing p hase explained 29% of the variance of the breadth and 38% of the depth of t he reporting phase Conclusions: Searching different literature resources has a small and negat ive impact on the qualify of the reporting phase. However preparing extensi vely for the next tutorial meeting is very important especially for the dep th of the reporting phase. Therefore, when new knowledge must be integrated in the tutorial group, students must be taught to prepare themselves by ma king summaries that are useful and effective during the discussion.