Histological analysis of fruit development between two melon (Cucumis meloL-reticulatus) genotypes setting a different size of fruit

Citation
K. Higashi et al., Histological analysis of fruit development between two melon (Cucumis meloL-reticulatus) genotypes setting a different size of fruit, J EXP BOT, 50(339), 1999, pp. 1593-1597
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences","Animal & Plant Sciences
Journal title
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY
ISSN journal
0022-0957 → ACNP
Volume
50
Issue
339
Year of publication
1999
Pages
1593 - 1597
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-0957(199910)50:339<1593:HAOFDB>2.0.ZU;2-3
Abstract
A major issue in plant development in higher plants is the determination of fruit size. In order to address the mechanism, the histological observatio n of cells during fruit development between two melon (Cucumis melo L. reti culatus) genotypes, Fuyu A and Natsu 4, was used. Although the two genotype s have nearly identical genetic backgrounds, the fruit of Fuyu A is larger than that of Natsu 4 when grown under the same conditions. The microscopic observation of pericarp cells in several developmental stages showed that t here were clear differences in cell size between the two genotypes, In spit e of its smaller fruit size, the cell size of Natsu 4 was somewhat larger t han that of Fuyu A, The cell proliferation period of Fuyu A was longer than that of Natsu 4, which may account for the difference in the cell number b etween both genotypes. Surprisingly, the difference in fruit size could als o be defined by the number of the cells when each genotype was cultivated i n different temperatures. These results suggest that fruit size is determin ed by the amount of cell proliferation in the early stage of fruit developm ent and that the factor which regulates the amount of cell proliferation is affected by temperature.