Finite nuclei to nuclear matter: A leptodermous approach

Citation
L. Satpathy et al., Finite nuclei to nuclear matter: A leptodermous approach, PHYS REPORT, 319(3), 1999, pp. 85-144
Citations number
152
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Physics
Journal title
PHYSICS REPORTS-REVIEW SECTION OF PHYSICS LETTERS
ISSN journal
0370-1573 → ACNP
Volume
319
Issue
3
Year of publication
1999
Pages
85 - 144
Database
ISI
SICI code
0370-1573(199910)319:3<85:FNTNMA>2.0.ZU;2-9
Abstract
The liquid drop model (LDM) expansions of energy and incompressibility of f inite nuclei are studied in an analytical model using Skyrme-like effective interactions to examine, whether such expansions provide an unambiguous wa y to go from finite nuclei to nuclear matter, and thereby can yield the sat uration properties of the latter, from nuclear masses. We show that the ene rgy expansion is not unique in the sense that, its coefficients do not nece ssarily correspond to the ground state of nuclear matter and hence, the mas s formulas based on it are not equipped to yield saturation properties. The defect is attributed to its use of liquid drop without any reference to pa rticles as its basis, which is classical in nature. It does not possess an essential property of an interacting many-fermion system namely, the single particle property, in particular the Fermi state. It is shown that, the de fect is repaired in the infinite nuclear matter model by the use of general ized Hugenholtz-Van Hove theorem of many-body theory. So this model uses in finite nuclear matter with well defined quantum mechanical attributes for i ts basis. The resulting expansion has the coefficients which are at the gro und state of nuclear matter. Thus a well defined path from finite nuclei to nuclear matter is found out. Then using this model, the saturation density 0.1620 fm(-3) and binding energy per nucleon of nuclear matter 16.108 MeV are determined from the masses of all known nuclei. The corresponding radiu s constant r(0) equal to 1.138 fm thus determined, agrees quite well with t hat obtained from electron scattering data, leading to the resolution of th e so-called 'r(0)-paradox'. Finally a well defined and stable value of 288 +/- 20 MeV for the incompressibility of nuclear matter K-infinity is extrac ted from the same set of masses and a nuclear equation of state is thus obt ained. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.