Gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase in tumor tissues correlates with the invasiveness of oral cancer

Citation
T. Ikebe et al., Gelatinolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase in tumor tissues correlates with the invasiveness of oral cancer, CLIN EXP M, 17(4), 1999, pp. 315-323
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Onconogenesis & Cancer Research
Journal title
CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL METASTASIS
ISSN journal
0262-0898 → ACNP
Volume
17
Issue
4
Year of publication
1999
Pages
315 - 323
Database
ISI
SICI code
0262-0898(199906)17:4<315:GAOMMI>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
We examined whether or not the gelatinolytic activity in tumor tissue was a ssociated with the invasion and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Tissue homogenates were prepared from 57 biopsy specimens of OSCC. The gelatinolytic activities in the homogenates were measured by gelatin zy mography and its densitometric analysis. The Immunoblot findings revealed t he major gelatinolytic activities to be due to matrix metalloproteinase (MM P)-2 and -9. The zymography-detected gelatinolytic activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the tissue specimens significantly correlated with the degree of i mmunohistochemical staining detected in frozen sections of the same biopsy specimens. According to a histopathological analysis of the mode of invasio n, highly invasive cases showed the increased gelatinolytic activities of M MP-2 as well as MMP-9 in the tissue specimens. Although no significant diff erences were observed in the gelatinase activities between the metastatic c ases and the non-metastatic cases, the levels of tissue inhibitor of MMP (T IMP)-1 in the tumor tissue specimens were higher in the non-metastatic case s than in the metastatic cases. The cases with the high levels of MMPs and low levels of TIMP-1 thus seemed to have a high potential to metastasize. A s a result, the zymographic measurement of the gelatinolytic activity in bi opsy tissue specimens may therefore be useful in predicting the behavior an d prognosis of OSCC.