Role of Fc gamma RI (CD64) in erythrocyte elimination and its up-regulation in thalassaemia

Citation
E. Wiener et al., Role of Fc gamma RI (CD64) in erythrocyte elimination and its up-regulation in thalassaemia, BR J HAEM, 106(4), 1999, pp. 923-930
Citations number
45
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Hematology,"Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY
ISSN journal
0007-1048 → ACNP
Volume
106
Issue
4
Year of publication
1999
Pages
923 - 930
Database
ISI
SICI code
0007-1048(199909)106:4<923:ROFGR(>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
To examine any role of the high affinity Fc gamma class I receptor (Fc gamm a RI) (CD64) in erythrocyte elimination by mononuclear phagocytes (MP) in t halassaemia (thal), we investigated the in vitro interaction of beta-thalas saemic erythrocytes with monocytes (Mo) whose Fc gamma R expression had bee n modulated by cytokines. Treatment of Mo with interferon (IFN)-gamma or interleukin (IL)-10 which up -regulate Fc gamma RI, caused a dose-dependent increase in binding of beta- thalassaemic erythrocytes, whereas stimulation with IL-4 which down-regulat es the receptor, reduced this interaction, in a dose-dependent manner, to t hat of normal erythrocytes. Binding of thalassaemic erythrocytes by IFN-gam ma or IL-10-treated Mo was inhibited by Fc gamma RI-specific reagents. In a ddition, Mo expression of Fc gamma RI and HLA class II DR was determined by flow cytometry in Thai patients with HbH disease (alpha(1)/alpha(2) or alp ha(1)/Hb Constant Spring) (n = 15) or beta degrees-thal/HbE (n = 16). In bo th groups of patients Fc gamma RI expression was increased as compared to n ormal controls (n = 14): mean fluorescence intensity (+/-SD) 124.79 +/- 38. 77 in HbH disease and 121.86 +/- 18.23 in beta degrees-thal/HbE versus 91.9 4 +/- 17.36 in normal controls (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively). In c ontrast, HLA class II DR expression was similar in patients and controls. The results suggest that, in thalassaemia, up-regulated Fc gamma RI on mono nuclear phagocytes plays a role in their interaction with erythrocytes and that this process can be modified by cytokines.