Assessing the effects of welfare reform policies on reproductive and infant health

Citation
P. Wise et al., Assessing the effects of welfare reform policies on reproductive and infant health, AM J PUB HE, 89(10), 1999, pp. 1514-1521
Citations number
83
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health","Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN journal
0090-0036 → ACNP
Volume
89
Issue
10
Year of publication
1999
Pages
1514 - 1521
Database
ISI
SICI code
0090-0036(199910)89:10<1514:ATEOWR>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Objectives. The welfare reform law of 1996 marked a historical moment in US policy toward the poor by ending the entitlement to cash assistance, by re quiring work, and by establishing time limits. This article examines the po tential impact on the health of women and children, the primary recipients of welfare benefits. Methods. The authors outline the reproductive health outcomes most likely t o be sensitive to welfare policies. identify indicators that might be used to assess these outcomes, review empirical evidence, and suggest specific m ethods and data sources. Results. State welfare requirements could improve health outcomes or deter families from Medicaid and food stamps, as well as income support, thus wor sening health outcomes. National and state data may prove useful in detecti ng these effects; however, new data sources may be required for specific he alth-related questions. Conclusions. Assessing the effects of welfare policies on reproductive and infant health is possible, although challenging. Reauthorization of the leg islation is required in 2002; it is essential that the consequences for hea lth be included in the next round of public debate.