Dual ion beam deposited boron-rich boron nitride films

Citation
Kf. Chan et al., Dual ion beam deposited boron-rich boron nitride films, J VAC SCI A, 17(5), 1999, pp. 2944-2949
Citations number
20
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science","Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF VACUUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY A-VACUUM SURFACES AND FILMS
ISSN journal
0734-2101 → ACNP
Volume
17
Issue
5
Year of publication
1999
Pages
2944 - 2949
Database
ISI
SICI code
0734-2101(199909/10)17:5<2944:DIBDBB>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
BNx films with N content varying from 2 to 40 at. % were deposited by dual ion beam deposition. The films are solid admixtures of a B-rich phase compo sed of icosahedral atomic clusters, and a graphite-like boron nitride phase . The fraction of the B-rich phase drops, while that of the graphite-like b oron nitride phase grows with increasing N content. The hardness of the fil ms first rises, reaches a maximum value of 18.8 GPa at a N content of 20.2 at, %, and falls with further increase in N content. This rise is explained by assuming that some N atoms are located interstitially at the sites surr ounded by icosahedral clusters, such that the hardness of the material is e nhanced as a result of additional cross-linking of the network by the N ato ms. However, the overall N contents are not sufficient to ensure the two ph ases to have the ideal stoichiometry of B4N and hexagonal BN (h-BN) structu res, so that the B-rich phase in the film does not exhibit the theoretical strangest possible cross-linking that has been proposed for the ideal B4N s tructure. The drop in the hardness of the films with N contents exceeding 2 0.2 at. % arises from the increasing volume fraction of the graphite-like b oron nitride phase. (C) 1999 American Vacuum Society. [S0734-2101(99)01405- 0].