Attractant or pheromone: The case of Nasonov secretion and honeybee swarms

Authors
Citation
Jo. Schmidt, Attractant or pheromone: The case of Nasonov secretion and honeybee swarms, J CHEM ECOL, 25(9), 1999, pp. 2051-2056
Citations number
10
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY
ISSN journal
0098-0331 → ACNP
Volume
25
Issue
9
Year of publication
1999
Pages
2051 - 2056
Database
ISI
SICI code
0098-0331(199909)25:9<2051:AOPTCO>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
Honeybees are attracted to a variety of odors, including the secretion of t heir Nasonov glands, a secretion that has been widely assumed to be an orie ntation and attraction pheromone. A crossover design experiment comparing s ynthetic Nasonov secretion with linalool, oil of clove, skatole, and wax mo th sex pheromone was established to determine if Nasonov secretion serves a s a true pheromone or is simply a general attractant for honeybee swarms. N one of the test odors was more attractive than odorless controls, and in al l comparisons, synthetic Nasonov secretion was significantly more attractiv e than the test odors or odorless controls. The results confirm that Nasono v secretion is a true pheromone in the context of attracting honeybee swarm s to nest cavities and that environmentally present or apparent odors play little or no role in honeybee nest-seeking behavior.