Blends of ethylene 1-octene copolymer synthesized by Ziegler-Natta and metallocene catalysts. I. Thermal and mechanical properties

Citation
D. Rana et al., Blends of ethylene 1-octene copolymer synthesized by Ziegler-Natta and metallocene catalysts. I. Thermal and mechanical properties, J APPL POLY, 74(5), 1999, pp. 1169-1177
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Organic Chemistry/Polymer Science","Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
ISSN journal
0021-8995 → ACNP
Volume
74
Issue
5
Year of publication
1999
Pages
1169 - 1177
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-8995(19991031)74:5<1169:BOE1CS>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
The thermal, viscoelastic, and mechanical behaviors of three binary blends of ethylene 1-octene copolymer (EOC) regarding the melt index and density, one component made by Ziegler-Natta (FA and RF in abbreviation of the comme rcial name) and the other by metallocene catalysts (FM, EN and PL in abbrev iation of the commercial name), have been investigated to understand molecu lar mechanism of the blends. Thermal studies reveal that the two constituen ts in the three blends exclude one another during crystallization, implying a phase separation. Viscoelastic properties shaw a single beta or gamma tr ansition in all the compositions, suggesting a miscibility in the amorphous region. The tensile modulus, yield stress, maximum strength at break, and elongation at break follow the rule of mixtures if the comonomer content do es not differ too much. Otherwise, the modulus and yield stress are negativ ely deviated, whereas elongation at break is positively deviated from the w eight-average value. The tensile properties of film at yield and break in t he machine direction is increased with an addition of FM in the FA + FM ble nd. Although all three blends form separate crystals in the crystalline sta te, a correlation exists between the mechanical properties and the density of EOCs. (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.