Non-physician practitioners in radiation oncology: Advanced practice nurses and physician assistants

Citation
Jf. Kelvin et al., Non-physician practitioners in radiation oncology: Advanced practice nurses and physician assistants, INT J RAD O, 45(2), 1999, pp. 255-263
Citations number
13
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Radiology ,Nuclear Medicine & Imaging","Onconogenesis & Cancer Research
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS
ISSN journal
0360-3016 → ACNP
Volume
45
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
255 - 263
Database
ISI
SICI code
0360-3016(19990901)45:2<255:NPIROA>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
Purpose: With changes in reimbursement and a decrease in the number of resi dents, there is a need to explore new ways of achieving high quality patien t care in radiation oncology. One mechanism is the implementation of non-ph ysician practitioner roles, such as the advanced practice nurse (APN) and p hysician assistant (PA). This paper provides information for radiation onco logists and nurses making decisions about: (1) whether or not APNs or PAs a re appropriate for their practice, (2) which type of provider would be most effective, and (3) how best to implement this role. Methods: Review of the literature and personal perspective. Conclusions: Specific issues addressed regarding APN and PA roles in radiat ion oncology include: definition of roles, regulation, prescriptive authori ty, reimbursement, considerations in implementation of the role, educationa l needs, and impact on resident training. A point of emphasis is that the n on-physician practitioner is not a replacement or substitute for either a r esident or a radiation oncologist. Instead, this role is a complementary on e. The non-physician practitioner can assist in the diagnostic work-up of p atients, manage symptoms, provide education to patients and families, and a ssist them in coping. This support facilitates the physician's ability to f ocus on the technical aspects of prescribing radiotherapy. (C) 1999 Elsevie r Science Inc.