Comorbidity of depression among physically ill patients and its effect on the length of hospital stay

Citation
T. Hosaka et al., Comorbidity of depression among physically ill patients and its effect on the length of hospital stay, PSY CLIN N, 53(4), 1999, pp. 491-495
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry
Journal title
PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES
ISSN journal
1323-1316 → ACNP
Volume
53
Issue
4
Year of publication
1999
Pages
491 - 495
Database
ISI
SICI code
1323-1316(199908)53:4<491:CODAPI>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
This study was carried out to demonstrate the prevalence of depression amon g physically ill patients and to investigate its effects on the length of h ospital stay. Out of 65 inpatients (44 male, 21 female; 51 with benign and 14 with malignant diseases), 14 (21.5%) met the criteria for major depressi on in the DSM-IV. The average length of hospital stay was compared accordin g to the comorbidity with major depression. Among the patients with benign diseases, those with major depression stayed longer (P<0.05) at the hospita l than those without it (82.2 vs 36.0 days). Likewise, among the cancer pat ients, those with major depression stayed longer than those without it (83. 8 vs 51.4 days), although this was not significantly different. The duratio n of hospitalization needs to be shortened because of the reduction in nati onal medical costs, the economics of hospital administration and the qualit y of life of patients and their families. Further research is needed to dem onstrate the role of consultation-liaison psychiatry in the shortening of h ospitalization.