Reproductive conflict and division of labor in Eutetramorium mocquerysi, amyrmicine ant without morphologically distinct female reproductives

Citation
J. Heinze et al., Reproductive conflict and division of labor in Eutetramorium mocquerysi, amyrmicine ant without morphologically distinct female reproductives, ETHOLOGY, 105(8), 1999, pp. 701-717
Citations number
43
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ETHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0179-1613 → ACNP
Volume
105
Issue
8
Year of publication
1999
Pages
701 - 717
Database
ISI
SICI code
0179-1613(199908)105:8<701:RCADOL>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
The myrmicine ant Eutetramorium mocquerysi Emery from Madagascar exhibits a unique social organization. All female individuals are similar in size and appearance; female reproductives with a distinct external morphology do no t exist. Based on ovarian anatomy, however, two major types of females can be distinguished: females with six ovarioles and a spermatheca, which can m ate and produce diploid offspring, and females with only two ovarioles, whi ch lack a spermatheca but can lay unfertilized eggs. Individuals with three to five ovarioles are rare. Anatomical differences are not correlated with different roles. Both types of females were observed foraging, tending bro od, and laying eggs. However, only females with six ovarioles and a spermat heca were the reproductively and socially most dominant individuals. Nestma te antagonism, which for the first time is demonstrated for an ant species belonging neither to the Ponerinae nor the Formicoxenini, consists of bitin g, antennation bouts, and ritualized dominance postures. In two colonies, r emoval of the dominant individual resulted in the destruction of all larvae and pupae.