Mycophenolate mofetil in cadaveric renal transplantation

Citation
S. Cho et al., Mycophenolate mofetil in cadaveric renal transplantation, AM J KIDNEY, 34(2), 1999, pp. 296-303
Citations number
15
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Urology & Nephrology
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES
ISSN journal
0272-6386 → ACNP
Volume
34
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
296 - 303
Database
ISI
SICI code
0272-6386(199908)34:2<296:MMICRT>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
This report extends the randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial at 14 c enters in the United States that compared triple-therapy regimens containin g mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), 2 or 3 g, with a similar regimen containing azathioprine (AZA) in recipients of cadaveric renal allografts. We investig ated the continued long-term use of MMF with respect to graft and patient s urvival, graft function, and safety. All patients who received the study dr ug (MMF, 2 g, n = 165; MMF, 3 g, n = 166; AZA, n = 164) were included in th e 3-year intent-to-treat evaluation of graft and patient survival. At 3 yea rs posttransplantation, the weighted pairwise difference was 6.5%, and 95% confidence interval in graft and patient survival tie, patients alive with a functioning graft) was -2.1 to 15.1 (P = 0.17) numerically in favor of MM F, 2 g, compared with AZA. Similar to the 1-year data, the principal advers e events were limited to the gastrointestinal and hematologic systems. Alth ough cytomegalovirus (CMV) tissue-invasive disease occurred more often in t he MMF-treated groups, most instances occurred during the first year posttr ansplantation. One patient in the AZA group and one patient in the MMF 2-g group developed lymphoma, whereas three patients in the MMF 3-g group devel oped lymphoma at 3 years posttransplantation. In conclusion, although the d esign of the study did not afford adequate statistical power to address sur vival end points, at 3 years posttransplantation, graft survival, patient s urvival, renal function, and safety were similar among the AZA, MMF 2-g, an d MMF 3-g groups. There was an increased incidence of infection caused by i nvasive CMV and Aspergillus spp and mucormycosis seen in the MMF groups, bu t the long-term data confirm MMF is a safe and valuable addition to the ran ge of drugs available to prevent rejection. (C) 1999 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.