Corrosion of steel bars (main steel and stirrup) with respect to the orient
ation in concrete is presented. A detailed study on macrocell and microcell
corrosion of steel bars in concrete was conducted on horizontal and vertic
al steels, depending on the casting direction. The horizontal steel was div
ided into top and bottom halves. The study was conducted with chloride ions
in concrete Water-cement ratios (w/c) were 0.5 and 0.7. The electrochemica
l investigations, microscopic and physical observations of steel bars were
performed. The laboratory investigations were verified with the long-term (
23 year) exposure investigations on reinforced concrete beams. The study al
so focused on the influence of stirrup on macrocell formation of main steel
, and corrosion of plain and deformed steel bars.
The study concludes that orientation of steel bars has a significant influe
nce on macrocell and microcell corrosion of steel bars in concrete. Formati
on of gaps under the horizontal steel's cause significant corrosion. Stirru
ps play an important role in increasing macrocell corrosion of main steel.
The deformed bar corroded more than fire plain bar.