Monodisperse, submicron-sized, reactive polystyrene (PST) microspheres havi
ng active ester groups on their surfaces were prepared by emulsifier-free e
mulsion ca-polymerizations of ST with water-soluble, active ester monomers
(AEMs) which were newly synthesized. The resulting microspheres showed char
acteristics of a high density of active ester groups on their surfaces and
a high reactivity towards primary amines. Some applications using the highl
y reactive microspheres were attempted in the preparation of supraparticles
and in the surface modification of solids. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
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