Phenotype of autosomal recessive congenital microphthalmia mapping to chromosome 14q32

Citation
Dar. Bessant et al., Phenotype of autosomal recessive congenital microphthalmia mapping to chromosome 14q32, BR J OPHTH, 83(8), 1999, pp. 919-922
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Optalmology,"da verificare
Journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
ISSN journal
0007-1161 → ACNP
Volume
83
Issue
8
Year of publication
1999
Pages
919 - 922
Database
ISI
SICI code
0007-1161(199908)83:8<919:POARCM>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
Background-Congenital microphthalmia (OMIM:309700) may occur in isolation o r in association with a variety of systemic malformations. Isolated microph thalmia may be inherited as an autosomal dominant, an autosomal recessive, or an X linked trait. Methods-Based on a whole genome linkage analysis, in a six generation consa nguineous family with autosomal recessive inheritance, the first locus for isolated microphthalmia was mapped to chromosome 14q32. Eight members of th is family underwent clinical examination to determine the nature of the mic rophthalmia phenotype associated with this locus. Results-All affected individuals in this family suffered from bilateral mic rophthalmia in association with anterior segment abnormalities, and the bes t visual acuity achieved was "perception of light" Corneal changes included partial or complete congenital sclerocornea, and the later development of corneal vascularisation and anterior staphyloma. Intraocular pressure, as m easured by Schiotz tonometry, was greatly elevated in many cases. Conclusions-This combination of ocular defects suggests an embryological di sorder involving tissues derived from both the neuroectoderm and neural cre st. Other families with defects in the microphthalmia gene located on 14q32 may have a similar ocular phenotype aiding their identification.