Brood reduction in white storks mediated through asymmetries in plasma testosterone concentrations in chicks

Citation
L. Sasvari et al., Brood reduction in white storks mediated through asymmetries in plasma testosterone concentrations in chicks, ETHOLOGY, 105(7), 1999, pp. 569-582
Citations number
43
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ETHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0179-1613 → ACNP
Volume
105
Issue
7
Year of publication
1999
Pages
569 - 582
Database
ISI
SICI code
0179-1613(199907)105:7<569:BRIWSM>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
We hypothesized that increasing chick plasma testosterone concentrations, t ransmitted from the mothers via their eggs, enhances survival of their offs pring and that the fitness of the young, depending on the maternal hormones , is influenced by parental quality. To test our hypotheses we distinguishe d the broods of white storks Ciconia ciconia L. where chicks died and those where all chicks survived, We analysed the plasma testosterone concentrati ons in the chicks, the ability of the chicks to be first to receive food an d the mass of chicks before fledging in relation to their hatching order an d recorded the body mass of parents and food mass delivered by them. Female storks used the asymmetries in testosterone concentrations within a brood to control brood size and adjusted the number of young hatched to mat ch the parental ability to rear offspring. Females of poor condition altere d the testosterone concentrations to produce large differences between the chicks: The first-hatched chicks, which had high plasma testosterone levels , responded faster to the feeding parent and received more food than did th eir younger siblings. One or two later-hatched chicks, which had lower test osterone levels, died in these broods. Females in good condition produced s mall differences in testosterone concentrations between the chicks and all chicks survived in their brood. Chicks that were raised by the females of p oor condition in reduced broods were heavier than chicks that were raised b y females of good condition in broods where all chicks survived. We suggest that the control of brood size by testosterone concentration, tr ansmitted by the mother to the chicks, is a hormonal means of condition-dep endent reproductive strategy in the white stork.