Delamination of multilayer thermal barrier coatings

Citation
Sr. Choi et al., Delamination of multilayer thermal barrier coatings, MECH MATER, 31(7), 1999, pp. 431-447
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS
ISSN journal
0167-6636 → ACNP
Volume
31
Issue
7
Year of publication
1999
Pages
431 - 447
Database
ISI
SICI code
0167-6636(199907)31:7<431:DOMTBC>2.0.ZU;2-9
Abstract
Multilayer thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) on superalloy substrates are com prised of an intermetallic bond coat, a thermally grown oxide (TGO) layer, and a porous zirconia top coat that provides thermal protection. The TGO at tains a thickness of 1-10 mu m prior to failure, while the bond coat and zi rconia layer are each about 50-100 mu m thick. The preferred method for man ufacturing TBCs comprises electron beam deposition. This method produces a thin "fully dense" zirconia layer 1 mu m or 2 mu m thick between the TGO an d the thick "top coat". Edge-delamination and buckling-delamination are the expected failure mechanisms. Each is addressed. Both occur at the interfac e between the bond coat and the TGO. Since low in-plane elastic moduli of t he porous zirconia layer promote the latter, but suppress the former, there exists a range of moduli wherein both types of failure can be avoided. Two distinct sizes govern buckling-delaminations. Small scale delaminations ar ise when the TBC top coat has a very low modulus. They have a characteristi c size that scales with the thickness of the TGO plus the fully dense zirco nia layer: typically tens of microns. In this domain, the dense TGO/ZrO2 bi -layer buckles by pushing into the thick, more compliant zirconia top layer . The larger scale delaminations occur when the top coat is stiff. They inv olve not only the bi-layer, but also the zirconia top layer; buckling away from the substrate as a tri-layer, In this case, the total thickness of the TBC determines the extent of the delamination, typically several 100 mu m. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.