Long-term survival in multiple myeloma: a Finnish Leukaemia Group study

Citation
T. Oivanen et al., Long-term survival in multiple myeloma: a Finnish Leukaemia Group study, BR J HAEM, 105(4), 1999, pp. 942-947
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Hematology,"Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY
ISSN journal
0007-1048 → ACNP
Volume
105
Issue
4
Year of publication
1999
Pages
942 - 947
Database
ISI
SICI code
0007-1048(199906)105:4<942:LSIMMA>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
The long-term survival of 324 multiple myeloma patients treated with conven tional chemotherapy (CT) was analysed after at least 10 years follow-up. Th e unselected group of myeloma patients less than or equal to 70 years, as r epresentative of the population, was derived from three prospective multice ntre trials by the Finnish Leukaemia Group. The median overall survival time (OS) was 49 months, At 10 years, 13% of th e patients were alive. The significant single pre-treatment prognostic fact ors for long-term survival were age, Hb, platelet count, serum-creatinine a nd proportion of plasma cells in the bone marrow Staging according to Hb le vel and plasma cell degree was more useful than that of the Durie and Salmo n system in predicting long-term survival, The first-line chemotherapy comb ination and the level of response were unimportant in this respect. A long plateau phase after first response and response to salvage chemotherapy wer e important prognostic factors, Not only the salvage regimen but also the w hole supportive treatment and adequate control of complications throughout the course of the disease are important.