A BRIEF-HISTORY OF WORK EXPECTATIONS FOR WELFARE MOTHERS

Authors
Citation
Sw. Blank et Bb. Blum, A BRIEF-HISTORY OF WORK EXPECTATIONS FOR WELFARE MOTHERS, The Future of children, 7(1), 1997, pp. 28-38
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Heath Policy & Services","Family Studies
Journal title
ISSN journal
1054-8289
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
1997
Pages
28 - 38
Database
ISI
SICI code
1054-8289(1997)7:1<28:ABOWEF>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
The best known of the nation's welfare programs, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), has from its inception reflected a tension between the desire to support children in poor, lone-parent families a nd the belief that parents should be held responsible for providing fo r themselves and their children. Against that backdrop, this article r eviews the history of the AFDC program and traces the emergence of pol icies and programs intended to encourage employment of the parents (al most exclusively mothers) who receive benefits. The article examines i n detail the Work Incentive Program (WIN) launched in 1967 and the Fam ily Support Act of 1988, comparing these to each other and to the outl ines of welfare reform signed into law in 1996. The article emphasizes the importance of sustained attention to the implementation of policy goals in concrete programs and shows that the merits of these early p rograms have not been fully tested because they were never funded or i mplemented at the scale intended. The article also outlines ways in wh ich welfare-to-work programs can be used to assist children as well as parents, and urges that children's well-being remain the core purpose of welfare policy.