Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia)

Citation
Orp. Bininda-emonds et al., Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia), BIOL REV, 74(2), 1999, pp. 143-175
Citations number
294
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Biology,"Experimental Biology
Journal title
BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS OF THE CAMBRIDGE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY
ISSN journal
1464-7931 → ACNP
Volume
74
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
143 - 175
Database
ISI
SICI code
1464-7931(199905)74:2<143:BLTBCP>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
One way to build larger, more comprehensive phylogenies is to combine the v ast amount of phylogenetic information already available. We review the two main strategies for accomplishing this (combining raw data versus combinin g trees), but employ a relatively new variant of the latter: supertree cons truction. The utility of one supertree technique, matrix representation usi ng parsimony analysis (MRP), is demonstrated by deriving a complete phyloge ny for all 271 extant species of the Carnivora from 177 literature sources. Beyond providing a 'consensus' estimate of carnivore phylogeny, the tree a lso indicates taxa for which the relationships remain controversial (e.g. t he red panda; within canids, felids, and hyaenids) or have not been studied in any great detail (e.g, herpestids, viverrids, and intrageneric relation ships in the procyonids). Times of divergence throughout the tree were also estimated from 74 literature sources based on both fossil and molecular da ta. We use the phylogeny to show that some lineages within the Mustelinae a nd Canidae contain significantly more species than expected for their age, illustrating the tree's utility for studies of macroevolution. It will also provide a useful foundation for comparative and conservational studies inv olving the carnivores.