Superoxide dismutase activity and the effect of N-methly-D-aspartate antagonists on lipid peroxidation in the early phase of cold injury

Citation
T. Kiris et al., Superoxide dismutase activity and the effect of N-methly-D-aspartate antagonists on lipid peroxidation in the early phase of cold injury, RES EXP MED, 198(6), 1999, pp. 341-347
Citations number
35
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
RESEARCH IN EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0300-9130 → ACNP
Volume
198
Issue
6
Year of publication
1999
Pages
341 - 347
Database
ISI
SICI code
0300-9130(199904)198:6<341:SDAATE>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
Free radicals, lipid peroxidation and excitatory amino acids have been impl icated in the secondary mechanisms of traumatic brain injury. We used the c old injury model in rats to assess the endogenous activity of the protectiv e enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the lipid peroxidation level in the contused tissue at an early phase of injury. Furthermore, we treated the r ats with two different N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists, namely MK -801 and CPP, and evaluated their effect on lipid peroxidation in the contu sed tissue. Rats were divided into four groups: sham, control, treatment 1 and treatment 2 groups (n = 16 for each group). Thirty and 60 min after cra niectomy or injury, tissue samples were removed. SOD activity didn't change in this period. However, lipid peroxidation in terms of malondialdehyde (M DA) amount showed a significant increase at 60 min. Fifteen minutes after i njury, MK-801 (1 mg/kg), CPP (10 mg/kg) or saline (1 ml) were applied intra peritoneally in treatment 1, treatment 2 and the control groups, Treatment with MK-801 attenuated MDA levels, whereas treatment with CPP did not. The protective effect of MK-801 achieved statistical significance. These result s demonstrate that SOD activity does not change in the Parry period of cold injury. Moreover, these results show that lipid peroxidation increases aft er 60 min of cold injury, and treatment with MK-801 15 min after injury can prevent this elevation.