Efficacy and safety of intravenous amiodarone in recent-onset atrial fibrillation: experience in patients admitted to a general internal medicine department

Citation
Y. Kreiss et al., Efficacy and safety of intravenous amiodarone in recent-onset atrial fibrillation: experience in patients admitted to a general internal medicine department, POSTG MED J, 75(883), 1999, pp. 278-281
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine
Journal title
POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0032-5473 → ACNP
Volume
75
Issue
883
Year of publication
1999
Pages
278 - 281
Database
ISI
SICI code
0032-5473(199905)75:883<278:EASOIA>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
We examined the efficacy and safety of intravenous amiodarone in 20 unselec ted patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation who were admitted to a g eneral internal medicine department during a B-month period. The treatment protocol included a loading dose of 1200 mg intravenous amiodarone in 24 ho urs, after which amiodarone treatment was continued orally. Eleven of the 2 0 patients (55%) converted to sinus rhythm within 48 hours of intravenous a miodarone treatment and were discharged in sinus rhythm, while 9/20 (45%) p atients failed to convert during hospitalisation. Six patients (30%) failed to convert to sinus rhythm even after one further month of oral treatment. There was one death and a high frequency (25%) of thrombophlebitis during hospitalisation. The in-hospital non-convertors had a significantly lower e jection fraction and initial low ventricular response rate than the convert ors. In conclusion, the acute conversion rate by intravenous amiodarone was at best modest. It is suggested that intravenous amiodarone is probably mo re effective in patients with rapid recent-onset atrial fibrillation and go od left ventricular function.