Simple analytical expressions for the dependence of the maximum gain on the
polarization angle of the interacting light waves and the crystal thicknes
s are obtained for two-wave mixing in a cubic optically active piezoelectri
c crystal. By applying the theory to Bi12SiO20 and Bi12TiO20 crystals, the
optimum gain is found also with respect to the grating orientation. The rol
e of the (inverse) piezoelectric effect is investigated.