Cellular uptake of fluvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, by rat cultured hepatocytes and human aortic endothelial cells

Citation
M. Ohtawa et al., Cellular uptake of fluvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, by rat cultured hepatocytes and human aortic endothelial cells, BR J CL PH, 47(4), 1999, pp. 383-389
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology,"Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN journal
0306-5251 → ACNP
Volume
47
Issue
4
Year of publication
1999
Pages
383 - 389
Database
ISI
SICI code
0306-5251(199904)47:4<383:CUOFAI>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
Aims To clarify the mechanism for cellular uptake of fluvastatin (FV) into rat primary cultured hepatocytes and human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC). Methods Rat primary cultured hepatocytes and Endocell-AO as normal human ao rtic endothelial cells were used. Effects of incubation time, concentration - and temperature-dependency on cellular FV uptake were investigated after incubation with [C-14]-FV and its enantiomers, (+)-FV and (-)-FV. Rat prima ry cultured hepatocytes were washed with either Na+-containing buffer or Na +-free buffer and incubated with metabolic inhibitors or bile acids. Intrac ellular radioactivity was measured by liquid scintillation counting. The de termination of intracellular unchanged FV and its enantiomers was carried o ut by stereospecific h.p.l.c. Results In rat cultured hepatocytes, concentration- and temperature-depende nt saturable uptake of [C-14]-FV was observed (K-m,=37.6 mu M, V-max = 869 pmol (mg protein)(-1) min(-1)), suggesting a specific uptake mechanism. The uptake of each enantiomer also showed a specific uptake mechanism as obser ved for the racemate with no difference between enantiomers; (+)-FV, K-m=38 .5 mu M, V-max=611 pmol (mg protein)(-1) min(-1), (-)-FV, K-m = 41.5 mu M, V-max = 646 pmol (mg protein)(-1) min(-1). In the presence of cholate and t aurocholate, the uptake of FV was inhibited by 39-46%. Pravastatin inhibite d FV uptake by 29%. In the absence of Na+, the uptake of FV was markedly in hibited 91-96% by bile acid. The uptake of FV into HAEC at 37 degrees C and 4 degrees C increased with the concentration of FV, but no saturable uptak e was observed. Conclusions FV transport system may be, at least in part, Na+- and ATP-depe ndent, and may have some features in common with the bile acid transport sy stem and the organic anion transport system. Since saturable uptake was not observed in HAEC, FV appears to be taken up into these cells mainly via no nspecific simple diffusion.