Do interviews really play an important role in the medical school selection decision?

Citation
Tj. Vansusteren et al., Do interviews really play an important role in the medical school selection decision?, TEACH L MED, 11(2), 1999, pp. 66-74
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine
Journal title
TEACHING AND LEARNING IN MEDICINE
ISSN journal
1040-1334 → ACNP
Volume
11
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
66 - 74
Database
ISI
SICI code
1040-1334(1999)11:2<66:DIRPAI>2.0.ZU;2-4
Abstract
Background: Despite the widespread use of the interview in the medical scho ol admission process, many questions remain about its value and impact on t he admissions decision. Are interviews merely a tradition and formality, or do they carry an important weight in the selection decision? The dynamics, potential bias associated with interviews, and their relative weight in th e selection process are ongoing and important concerns of admissions commit tees. Purposes: To investigate the relative weight that the interview carries in the selection process and whether valid interviews can be conducted without the potential bias associated with prior knowledge of the applicants' acad emic record. Methods: Interrater agreement was calculated for interviewer pairs, one of whom had reviewed the applicant file and one of whom had not. Interview rat ings and selection votes for 2 consecutive years were also analyzed using a multiple regression model. Results: Interrater agreement was found to be high, indicating that the tra ined raters were able to judge applicants' characteristics, independently o f the quantitative data. Results of the regression analyses revealed that t he interviewers' scores and the MCAT Verbal accounted for a substantial amo unt of the variance in the selection decision. Conclusions: Medical school selection interviews can carry a significant an d important weight in the selection decision. Interviews should be structur ed and conducted independently of the applicants' academic records.