New leading electrolyte for the direct determination of chloride and otheranions in analytical isotachophoresis

Citation
T. Meissner et al., New leading electrolyte for the direct determination of chloride and otheranions in analytical isotachophoresis, J CHROMAT A, 838(1-2), 1999, pp. 81-88
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry & Analysis","Spectroscopy /Instrumentation/Analytical Sciences
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A
ISSN journal
0021-9673 → ACNP
Volume
838
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
81 - 88
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9673(19990409)838:1-2<81:NLEFTD>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
In a number of experiments it was shown that the dithionate ion possesses a higher effective mobility than the chloride ion in aqueous solution, thus enabling the direct and simultaneous isotachophoretic determination of chlo ride and other anions. Using an acid-base titration, we found only one pK(a ) value for dithionic acid, which is in contrast to the two pK(a) values st ated in the literature. Based on this pK(a) value, theoretical calculations and the experimentally observed effective mobility of the dithionate ion i ndicate a higher effective mobility compared to the chloride ion from pH 3. Taking into account the physico-chemical properties of the dithionate, its unrestricted use as isotachophoretic leading ion was confirmed. Based on t he dithionate ion, new electrolyte systems for the determination of chlorid e were used. One system was optimised for the determination of chloride and other low-molecular-mass anions and applied to the analysis of waste water and drinking water. The water samples were analysed in parallel by ion chr omatography and compared with the isotachophoretic results. (C) 1999 Elsevi er Science B.V. All rights reserved.