PRODUCTION AND PROPERTIES OF A DEXTRANSUCRASE FROM LEUCONOSTOC-MESENTEROIDES IBT-PQ ISOLATED FROM PULQUE, A TRADITIONAL AZTEC ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE

Citation
M. Chellapandian et al., PRODUCTION AND PROPERTIES OF A DEXTRANSUCRASE FROM LEUCONOSTOC-MESENTEROIDES IBT-PQ ISOLATED FROM PULQUE, A TRADITIONAL AZTEC ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE, Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology, 21(1-2), 1998, pp. 51-56
Citations number
22
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biothechnology & Applied Migrobiology
Volume
21
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
1998
Pages
51 - 56
Database
ISI
SICI code
Abstract
Dextransucrase was produced from a Leuconostoc mesenteroides isolated from pulque, a traditional Aztec alcoholic beverage produced from agav e juice containing sucrose as the main carbon source. Almost all the d extransucrase activity (87%) was associated with the cells, and was un usually high (1.04 U mg(-1) of cells). The culture medium composition was optimized through a Box-Behnken method resulting in a process yiel ding 2.2 U ml(-1) of insoluble glucosyltransferase activity. The enzym e had a molecular weight of 166 kDa, Optimal temperature was 35 degree s C with a half-life of 137 min at the same temperature. As with dextr ansucrase from the industrial strain L. mesenteroides NRRL B-512F, the enzyme showed Michaelis-Menten kinetic behavior with excess substrate inhibition (K-m and K-i values of 0.026 M and 1.23 M respectively); p roduced soluble linear dextran with glucose molecules linked mainly in alpha(1-6) with branching in alpha(1-3) in a proportion of 4:1 as sho wn by NMR studies; and produced a high yield of isomalto-oligosacchari des in the presence of maltose.