MACROPHAGES AND ANTIOXIDANT STATUS IN THE NOD MOUSE PANCREAS

Citation
G. Papaccio et al., MACROPHAGES AND ANTIOXIDANT STATUS IN THE NOD MOUSE PANCREAS, Journal of cellular biochemistry, 71(4), 1998, pp. 479-490
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biology,"Cell Biology
ISSN journal
0730-2312
Volume
71
Issue
4
Year of publication
1998
Pages
479 - 490
Database
ISI
SICI code
0730-2312(1998)71:4<479:MAASIT>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
This study showed that citiolone (CIT), a free radical scavenger, sign ificantly increased superoxide dismutase (P < 0.001 vs. untreated NOD, NMMA-treated, and silica-treated animals), catalase (P < 0.01 vs. unt reated NOD), and glutathione peroxidase (P < 0.001 vs. untreated NOD a nd C57BL6/J) values. Silica treatment was capable of counteracting the plasma antioxidant capacity (TRAP) decrease observed in untreated NOD mice, although it did not block the blood glucose rise and insulitis progression in type 1 diabetes significantly. Conversely, early silica administration was able to deplete macrophages (as demonstrated by im munocytochemistry) and to block the rise in blood glucose levels and i nsulitis progression significantly. Silica-treated animals in this stu dy showed the highest TRAP levels, demonstrating that depletion of mac rophages also was able to improve the antioxidant status. This study s uggested that macrophages are essential for type 1 diabetes developmen t and showed that they also are involved when the antioxidant status i s affected. The reported findings are significant in view of previous studies indicating that oxygen and/or nitrogen free radicals contribut e to the islet beta-cell destruction in type 1 diabetes animal models. (C) 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.