EFFECTS OF POTASSIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON OFFICE, HOME, AND 24-H BLOOD-PRESSURE IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL-HYPERTENSION

Citation
Y. Kawano et al., EFFECTS OF POTASSIUM SUPPLEMENTATION ON OFFICE, HOME, AND 24-H BLOOD-PRESSURE IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL-HYPERTENSION, American journal of hypertension, 11(10), 1998, pp. 1141-1146
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Peripheal Vascular Diseas
ISSN journal
0895-7061
Volume
11
Issue
10
Year of publication
1998
Pages
1141 - 1146
Database
ISI
SICI code
0895-7061(1998)11:10<1141:EOPSOO>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
An increase in potassium (K) intake may lower blood pressure (BP), but inconsistent results have been obtained in clinical trials. We studie d the effects of K supplementation in hypertensive patients with monit oring of home and ambulatory BP. Fifty-five patients with essential hy pertension (26 men, 29 women, 36-77 years old) participated in this st udy. A 4-week K supplementation period and 4-week control period were assigned in a randomized crossover manner. During the K period, the su bjects were given 64 mmol/day of K as slow-release KCI tablets. Office , home, and 24-h BP, as well as serum and urinary electrolytes, were m easured at the end of each period. In the control period, office, home , and 24-h BP were 151 +/- 2/88 +/- 1 (mean +/- SE), 138 +/- 1/83 +/- 1, and 137 +/- 1/81 a 1 mm Hg, respectively. Serum K increased from 4. 15 +/- 0.04 to 4.42 +/- 0.05 mmol/L, and urinary K increased from 54 /- 2 to 96 +/- 3 mmol/day with the K supplementation. Office, home, an d 24-h BP were significantly lower in the K period than in the control period, although the differences were small (2.7 +/- 1.1/1.4 +/- 0.6, 3.6 +/- 0.9/1.7 +/- 0.5, 3.4 +/- 1.0/1.2 +/- 0.5 mm Hg, respectively) . Changes in home and 24-h systolic BP with K supplementation were hig hly significant (P < .001), compared with office BP (P < .05). The cha nge in 24-h systolic BP was correlated negatively with baseline BP and urinary Na/K ratio, and positively with baseline urinary K excretion. The changes in daytime and nighttime BP were comparable. These result s indicate that increasing K intake lowers BP in hypertensive subjects , especially in those with higher BP and lower K intake. Our study sup ports the usefulness of K supplementation in the treatment of hyperten sion, although its antihypertensive effect may be small. Am J Hyperten s 1998;11:1141-1146 (C) 1998 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.