A novel cytoplasmic protein with RNA-binding motifs is an autoantigen in human hepatocellular carcinoma

Citation
Jy. Zhang et al., A novel cytoplasmic protein with RNA-binding motifs is an autoantigen in human hepatocellular carcinoma, J EXP MED, 189(7), 1999, pp. 1101-1110
Citations number
46
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0022-1007 → ACNP
Volume
189
Issue
7
Year of publication
1999
Pages
1101 - 1110
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1007(19990405)189:7<1101:ANCPWR>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), autoantibodies to intracellular antigens are detected in 30-40% of patients. Patients with chronic hepatitis or liv er cirrhosis develop HCC, and when this occurs, some patients exhibit autoa ntibodies of new specificities. It has been suggested that these novel auto antibody responses may be immune system reactions to proteins involved ill transformation-associated cellular events. One HCC serum shown to contain a ntibodies to unidentified cellular antigens was used to immunoscreen a cDNA expression library, and a full length cDNA clone was isolated with an open reading frame encoding 556 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 62 kD. The 62-kD protein contained two types of RNA-binding motifs, the con sensus sequence RNA-binding domain (CS-RBD) and four hnRNP K homology (KH) domains. This protein, provisionally called p62, has close identity (66-70% ) to three other proteins at the amino acid sequence level, and all four pr oteins may belong to a family having CS-RBD in the NH2-terminal region and four KH domains in the mid-to-COOH-terminal region. The homologous proteins are: KH domain-containing protein overexpressed in cancer (Koc); zipcode b inding protein, a protein which binds to a conserved nucleotide element in chicken beta-actin mRNA (ZBP1); and a protein which binds to a promoter cis element in Xenopus laevis TFIIIA gene (B3). p62 protein is cytoplasmic in location, and autoantibodies were found in 21% of a cohort of HCC patients. Patients with chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis, conditions which are frequent precursors to HCC, were negative for these autoantibodies, suggest ing that the immune response might be related to cellular events leading to transformation. However, the possible involvement of p62 autoantigen as a factor in the transformation process remains to be elucidated.