MENTAL-HEALTH OF VISUALLY AND HEARING-IMPAIRED STUDENTS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF THE UNIVERSITY PERSONALITY-INVENTORY

Citation
T. Yoshida et al., MENTAL-HEALTH OF VISUALLY AND HEARING-IMPAIRED STUDENTS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF THE UNIVERSITY PERSONALITY-INVENTORY, PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCES, 52(4), 1998, pp. 413-418
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Clinical Neurology",Neurosciences,Psychiatry
ISSN journal
1323-1316
Volume
52
Issue
4
Year of publication
1998
Pages
413 - 418
Database
ISI
SICI code
1323-1316(1998)52:4<413:MOVAHS>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
Tsukuba College of Technology is the first national university establi shed as an institute of higher education for the visually and hearing impaired. We have been systematically conducting a University Personal ity Inventory (UPI) survey on our students since 1989 to understand th eir mental health. In this study, we compared the UPI scores of the ne w students of Tsukuba College of Technology in 1993 and 1994 with unim paired students from the University; of Tsukuba (control group), but f ound no significant difference in the UPI scores of the visually impai red and the control group. However; we noticed a significant differenc e in the average UPI scores between the hearing impaired and the contr ol group. The visually impaired group were divided into four subgroups , UPI scores descended in order from degree 1 (total blindness), to de grees 2 and 3 (amblyopia), to degree 4 (visual acuity greater than or equal to 0.3). The UPI scores of the degree 4 subgroup were significan tly lower than those of the control group. An investigation of the ite ms for which the check rate was at least 50% showed that the visually impaired students had a variety of psychological problems, most oi whi ch seemed to concern depression or anxiety as did the normal control g roup. The number oi affirmative responses increased with low visual ac uity. The only one belonging to the 'lie' scale item was observed in t he group of hearing impaired students, Thus, comparing these three gro ups from the viewpoint of mental health, we noticed the hearing impair ed group was slightly different from the other two groups, but the vis ually impaired group was similar to the normal control group.