EFFECTS OF COACHING ON DETECTION OF MALINGERING ON THE CALIFORNIA VERBAL-LEARNING TEST

Citation
Rd. Coleman et al., EFFECTS OF COACHING ON DETECTION OF MALINGERING ON THE CALIFORNIA VERBAL-LEARNING TEST, Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section A, Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology, 20(2), 1998, pp. 201-210
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology, Clinical",Psychology,"Clinical Neurology
ISSN journal
1380-3395
Volume
20
Issue
2
Year of publication
1998
Pages
201 - 210
Database
ISI
SICI code
1380-3395(1998)20:2<201:EOCODO>2.0.ZU;2-9
Abstract
The diagnostic accuracy of California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) indi ces to detect malingered head injury was examined using a simulation p aradigm that included naive malingerers, malingerers provided with inf ormation about head injury, and normal controls (N = 90). The applicat ion of diagnostic cutoff scores for Recognition Discriminability and R ecognition Hits derived from populations of individuals with bona fide head injury and individuals suspected of malingering (Millis et al., 1995) proved highly sensitive and modestly specific in detecting feign ed head injury among both simulation groups. Results of analyses of va riance and logistic regression support previous findings that malinger ers overestimate memory impairment associated with mild head injury; h owever, they indicate that exposure to a simple instructional set may render insensitive many indices of malingering. In contrast, indices b ased on more subtle principles of learning theory hold promise in the detection of malingering, even in the presence of an instructional set .