STUDY OF THE PARAMETERS AFFECTING THE CORRELATION OF BACKGROUND VERSUS COSMIC-RADIATION IN CO2 COUNTERS - RELIABILITY OF DATING RESULTS

Citation
Y. Facorellis et al., STUDY OF THE PARAMETERS AFFECTING THE CORRELATION OF BACKGROUND VERSUS COSMIC-RADIATION IN CO2 COUNTERS - RELIABILITY OF DATING RESULTS, Radiocarbon, 39(3), 1997, pp. 225-238
Citations number
37
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Journal title
ISSN journal
0033-8222
Volume
39
Issue
3
Year of publication
1997
Pages
225 - 238
Database
ISI
SICI code
0033-8222(1997)39:3<225:SOTPAT>2.0.ZU;2-X
Abstract
Systematic treatment of the data recorded by our guard counters and co rrections introduced for meteorological factors has allowed observatio ns on solar events clearly manifested in the readings. Examples are th e solar flares of March 1989 and especially of June 1991, which caused a ca. 10% decrease in the cosmic radiation flux reaching the counters . A sinusoidal variation in the cosmic-ray flux with a period of one y ear is also clearly manifested in the data. The observation that the b ackground in the C-14 measurements depends on the intensity of the cos mic radiation has led to the use of monthly correlations for the deter mination of the best background value to be used in the age calculatio ns. This reduces the error significantly. However, various factors suc h as random statistical fluctuations of the background measurements ma y affect the slope of the correlations and consequently the calculated age of the samples. Long-term observations of the relation between ba ckground values and coincidence counts have led to constraints in the slope of the correlation. A simple extension of the fitting procedure is explored, which maintains the physically meaningful range of the sl opes, but is flexible to adjust for the seasonally varying contributio ns to the variations of the cosmic-ray flux.