HIGH-RISK OF MEDIUM-CHAIN ACYL-COENZYME-A DEHYDROGENASE-DEFICIENCY AMONG GYPSIES

Citation
G. Martinez et al., HIGH-RISK OF MEDIUM-CHAIN ACYL-COENZYME-A DEHYDROGENASE-DEFICIENCY AMONG GYPSIES, Pediatric research, 44(1), 1998, pp. 83-84
Citations number
10
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pediatrics
Journal title
ISSN journal
0031-3998
Volume
44
Issue
1
Year of publication
1998
Pages
83 - 84
Database
ISI
SICI code
0031-3998(1998)44:1<83:HOMADA>2.0.ZU;2-9
Abstract
Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is recognized as the most common hereditary defect of fatty acid oxidation in humans. Death is the outcome of the first attack in about 25% of cases. A poin t mutation (Ala to Gly at position 985) of the MCAD gene represents mo re than 90% of alleles causing MCAD deficiency. The frequency of this allelic variant exhibits considerable geographical variations. In Spai n, where the few diagnosed patients are mostly of Gypsy origin, the fr equency is low as occurs in other Southern European countries (1 heter ozygote among 200 individuals). Here we have analyzed the frequency of the G985 allele among Spanish gypsies. Heterozygotes were detected at a frequency of 1/17, with a 95% confidence interval ranging from 1/11 to 1/39. This represents the highest G985 rate described so far and c alls for preventive measures, such as selective screening in this popu lation.