REFERRAL PATTERNS AND RECOGNITION OF DEPRESSION AMONG AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND CAUCASIAN PATIENTS

Citation
Rj. Leo et al., REFERRAL PATTERNS AND RECOGNITION OF DEPRESSION AMONG AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND CAUCASIAN PATIENTS, General hospital psychiatry, 20(3), 1998, pp. 175-182
Citations number
68
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psychiatry,Psychiatry
Journal title
ISSN journal
0163-8343
Volume
20
Issue
3
Year of publication
1998
Pages
175 - 182
Database
ISI
SICI code
0163-8343(1998)20:3<175:RPAROD>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
A retrospective review of psychiatric consultations was conducted for African-American and Caucasian patients for a 2-year period. Reasons f or referral, assigned diagnoses, accuracy rates, and discordance and c oncordance rates were assessed. Referrals for depression comprised 24. 6% of all consults for Caucasian and African-American inpatients. Only 40.3% of patients referred for depression were diagnosed with a depre ssive disorder; 54.4% of patients diagnosed with depressive disorders were referred for other reasons. African-American patients were referr ed for evaluation of depression and diagnosed with depressive disorder s significantly less often than Caucasian patients. No significant dif ferences were obtained between African-Americans and Caucasians in the accuracy rates of patients referred for depression. Discordance and c oncordance rates for the two groups were comparable. Diagnoses assigne d to African-Americans and Caucasians incorrectly referred for depress ion did not differ significantly. For depressed African-Americans and Caucasians referred for reasons other than depression, the only differ ence noted was in the referral rates for adjustment of psychotropics. The nonpsychiatric staff fails to recognize depression and often refer depressed patients inappropriately. Depressed patients are primarily referred for suicide assessment and disruptive behaviors. Referrals fo r depression may be a secondary concern to nonpsychiatric staff. In ad dition, cultural variables and racial differences between hospital sta ff and patients may account for the differences irt referral patterns. Awareness of the needs of African-American patients is required. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Inc.