How useful are anthropometric, clinical and dietary measurements of nutritional status as predictors of morbidity of young children in central Africa?

Citation
R. Tonglet et al., How useful are anthropometric, clinical and dietary measurements of nutritional status as predictors of morbidity of young children in central Africa?, TR MED I H, 4(2), 1999, pp. 120-130
Citations number
54
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health
Journal title
TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH
ISSN journal
1360-2276 → ACNP
Volume
4
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
120 - 130
Database
ISI
SICI code
1360-2276(199902)4:2<120:HUAACA>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
OBJECTIVE TO identify useful predictors of morbidity of young children in c entral Africa. METHOD Population-based follow-up study in Northern Kivu, Congo, of 842 chi ldren under two years of age who completed weekly follow-up interviews and health examinations during three months. Main outcome measures were crude a nd adjusted effects of summary measures of nutritional status on one-month cumulative incidence of malaria, respiratory illness, and diarrhoea. RESULTS Anthropometric indicators appeared to perform badly in predicting m orbidity. In contrast, non-anthropometric variables such as growth as judge d by the caretaker, child's diet at the time of examination, and occurrence of disease in the month preceding the interval of observation were useful. CONCLUSIONS In the context of the 'Sick Child Initiative', simple tests and diagnostic tools to improve quality of both prevention and cure in first-l evel facilities need to be identified. Focusing on non-anthropometric indic ators should be encouraged to offer a comprehensive appraisal of health sta tus to all children.