Protein status of infants with phenylketonuria undergoing nutrition management

Citation
Pb. Acosta et al., Protein status of infants with phenylketonuria undergoing nutrition management, J AM COL N, 18(2), 1999, pp. 102-107
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrinology, Nutrition & Metabolism
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF NUTRITION
ISSN journal
0731-5724 → ACNP
Volume
18
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
102 - 107
Database
ISI
SICI code
0731-5724(199904)18:2<102:PSOIWP>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine if Phenex-1, ami no-acid modified medical food with iron maintained normal indices of protei n status in infants with phenylketonuria (PKU) and to investigate factors t hat influence plasma amino acid concentrations. Methods: A study was conducted for six months in 35 infants with classical PKU diagnosed in the neonatal period. Diet diaries and plasma amino acid co ncentrations were obtained monthly. Blood for analysis of plasma albumin. b lood urea nitrogen (BUN), retinol binding protein (RBP) and transthyretin w as obtained at one, three and six months of study. Results: Mean (+/-SEM) total daily intake of medical food and nutrients was 79 +/- 4 g: 17.3 +/- 0.6 g protein, 660 +/- 18 kcal. 255 +/- 10 mg phenyla lanine (Phe), and 1423 +/- 56 mg tyrosine (Tyr). Mean concentrations of pla sma amino acids, except cystine (during entire study), glycine (first month ) and Phe were in the normal range. Mean concentrations of plasma Phe were in the treatment range (120 to 360 mu mol/L). Plasma concentrations of argi nine, methionine, Phe, tryptophan, Tyr, and valine were positively correlat ed with intakes at various months of study.Concentrations of aspartic and g lutamic acids, Phe, and Tyr were positively correlated and 17 amino acids w ere negatively correlated with the interval between feeding and blood draw. At six months of study, concentration of plasma albumin was 4.1 +/- 0.1 g/ dL, REP was 3.74 +/- 0.2 mg/dL, transthyretin was 17.9 +/- 0.9 mg/dL, and u rea nitrogen was 11.9 +/- 0.5 mg/dL. Conclusion: During study, all mean plasma indices of protein status were in normal reference ranges. Phenex-1 supports normal mean plasma amino acid, albumin, REP, transthyretin, and BUN concentrations when fed in adequate am ounts.