Yttrium-promoted selective oxidation of aluminium in the oxidation at 1100degrees C of an eutectic Ni-Al-Cr3C2 alloy

P. Castello et al., Yttrium-promoted selective oxidation of aluminium in the oxidation at 1100degrees C of an eutectic Ni-Al-Cr3C2 alloy, CORROS SCI, 41(5), 1999, pp. 901-918
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
ISSN journal
0010-938X → ACNP
Year of publication
901 - 918
SICI code
The effects of an yttrium addition of 0.2 wt% on the oxidation behaviour of an eutectic Ni-Al-Cr3C2 alloy of average composition Ni-12.3 Cr-6.9 Al-1.8 C (wt%) have been investigated at 1100 degrees C in 1 atm oxygen. Experime nts have been carried out under isothermal and thermal cycling conditions o n the as-cast alloy, in which Cr,C, was present as a finely dispersed eutec tic phase, and on directionally-solidified specimens having an aligned stru cture, In all cases, Al2O3 formed almost entirely as an external scale. Alt hough Cr2O3 formed in some regions of the surface in the early stages, comp act subsurface Al2O3 layers generally developed beneath such locations, pro tecting the alloy from severe internal attack. This behaviour is quite diff erent from that observed for similar yttrium-free alloys, where aluminium w as oxidized internally beneath continuous external Cr2O3 scales. In the pre sent case, while it was almost certainly formed during the transient stage, the growth rate of Cr2O3 was probably reduced due to the presence of the r eactive element and the extent of chromium depletion in the alloy was there by decreased. This yielded an increase in the concentration of chromium in the alloy at its interface with the transient Cr2O3 scale compared to the y ttrium-free alloy, with a corresponding decrease in the oxygen activity at the same location. As a consequence, the inward flux of oxygen in the alloy was reduced, allowing a transition from internal to external oxidation of aluminium to become possible on longer periods of oxidation, The presence o f carbides at the alloy/scale interface was highly detrimental to the adhes ion of the oxide scale to the metal substrate, and the scales tended to cra ck and/or lift on cooling. However, no massive spalling occurred, even duri ng thermal cycling for periods up to 124 h, while the Al2O3 scales tended t o re-form rapidly after mechanical damage. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. A ll rights reserved.